Introduction

This blog contains regular postings relating to the Traditional Latin Liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church. It includes regular commentary on the saints days and the liturgical cycle, with brief background and extracts from the liturgy both in Latin and English. Much of the material has been extracted from the 'St Andrew's Daily Missal', Dom Gueranger's 'Liturgical Year', or similar sources.

Related website: http://www.liturgialatina.org/





Sunday, 17 November 2019

25th Sunday after Pentecost (6th remaining after Epiphany)

25th Sunday after Pentecost (6th remaining after Epiphany)

For the 4th, 5th and 6th Sundays after the Epiphany, when they are used after Pentecost, the chanted propers of the mass - Introit, Gradual, Alleluia, Offertory, and Communion - are repetitions of those for the 23rd Sunday after Pentecost.

The Gospel brings out again the divinity of Christ. Jesus is God, for He reveals to us "things hidden from the foundation of the world." His word, compared by Him to a small seed cast into the field of the world, and to a little leaven put in the lump, is divine, for it stills our passions and produces in our hearts the wonders of faith, hope and charity of which the Epistle speaks. The Church, stirred to greater effort by the word of Christ, is admirably represented by these three measures of meal that the energy of fermentation has "wholly leavened" and by the mustard plant, the largest of its kind, where the birds of heaven gladly come for shelter.
Praesta, quaesumus, omnípotens Deus: ut, semper rationabília meditántes, quae tibi sunt plácita, et dictis exsequámur et factis.
Grant, we beseech Thee, almighty God, that ever meditating on the truths Thou hast proposed for our intelligence, we may in every word and work of ours, do that which is pleasing to Thee.
(Collect)

Sunday, 10 November 2019

24th Sunday after Pentecost (5th remaining after Epiphany)

24th Sunday after Pentecost (5th remaining after Epiphany)

For the 4th, 5th and 6th Sundays after the Epiphany, when they are celebrated after Pentecost, the chanted propers of the mass - Introit, Gradual, Alleluia, Offertory, and Communion - are repetitions of those for the 23rd Sunday.

In the gospels for the preceding Sundays, the divinity of Jesus was manifested in His miracles: today it is affirmed by His doctrine, at which the Jews of Nazareth "wondered."

In Jesus' kingdom here on earth there are both good and bad subjects, wheat and tares, and it is only when our Lord comes to judge men, that He will separate the one from the other for all eternity.

Famíliam tuam, quaesumus, Dómine, contínua pietáte custódi: ut, quae in sola spe grátiae coeléstis innítitur, tua semper protectióne muniátur.
In Thine infinite goodness, we beseech Thee, O Lord, to watch over Thy household, that even as it relies solely upon the hope of Thy heavenly grace, so it may ever be defended by Thy protection.
(Collect)

Wednesday, 2 January 2019

2nd January, Octave of St Stephen, First Martyr

Octave of St Stephen, First Martyr


Sederunt principes, et adversum me loquebantur: et iniqui persecuti sunt me: adjuva me, Domine Deus meus, quia servus tuus exercebatur in tuis justificationibus. * Beati immaculati in via, qui ambulant in lege Domini.
Princes sat, and spoke against me: and the wicked persecuted me: help me, O Lord my God, for Thy servant was employed in Thy justifications.* Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the Lord.  (Psalm 118:23,86, 23, 1 from the Introit of Mass)

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, qui primitias Martyrum in beati Levitae Stephani sanguine dedicasti: tribue, quaesumus; ut pro nobis intecessor exsistat, qui pro suis etiam persecutoribus exoravit Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum Filium tuum.
O almighty and everlasting God, who didst consecrate the first-fruits of the martyrs in the blood of the blessed Levite Stephen: grant, we beseech Thee, that he may intercede for us, who entreated even for his persecutors, our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son.
(Collect)


From a Sermon of the Bishop Saint Augustine.
Christ, the Chief of Martyrs, also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps.  And the steps of the Passion of this same Chief of Martyrs did blessed Stephen follow close, in that he was stoned by the Jews for his confession of Christ, and thereby gained the crown which pertained to him in virtue of his name.  For in the Greek language the word Stephen doth signify a crown.  Thus already bore the name Crown, whereby was foretold the palm of martyrdom; which same he was to gain when he was stoned to death.  Yet notwithstanding, he sought not to draw down vengeance on his persecutors, but contrariwise prayed God to forgive them.
(Sermo 2 de S. Stephano)

The Catholic Encyclopaedia on St Stephen: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14286b.htm

Reference for the sermon from St Augustine: http://www.breviary.net/propseason/christmas/propseasonchri0102.htm#Matins

Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus

Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus
(Sunday between 1st and 6th January, or otherwise 2nd January)




The Church, having made known to us the Incarnation of the divine Son, now unfolds to us the glories of His Name.


Among the Jews a child received his name at the rite of Circumcision. For this feast the Church uses the same Gospel as that of the Circumcision, emphasising the latter part which records that His Name was called Jesus (Gospel) as God did bid that His Name be called Jesus. (Collect) The name means Saviour and we read There is no other name under heaven given to men, whereby we must be saved.” (Epistle) The origin of this feast goes back to the 16th century, when it was already observed by the Franciscan Order. In 1721, during the pontificate of Innocent XIII, its observance was extended to the whole Church. If we wish to see our names written in heaven under the glorious name of Jesus (Postcommunion), that name must be often on our lips here below.

An indulgence of twenty days may be gained by all who bow the head with reverence when speaking or hearing the names of Jesus and Mary, while Pope St Pius X granted 300 days to those who piously invoke them with the lips, or at least in the heart.


In nomine Jesu omne genu flectatur, coelestium, terrestrium, et infernorum: et omnis lingua confiteatur, quia Dominus Jesus Christus in gloria est Dei Patris. * Domine Dominus noster: quam admirabile est nomen tuum in universa terra!
In the Name of Jesus let every knee bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth: and let every tongue confess that the Lord Jesus Christ is in the glory of God the Father. * O Lord our Lord: how admirable is Thy Name in the whole earth!
(Philip. 2:10-11 and Psalm 8:2 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, qui unigenitum Filium tuum constituisti humani generis Salvatorem, et Jesum vocari jussisti: concede propitius, ut cujus sanctum Nomen veneramur in terris, ejus quoque aspectu perfruamur in coelis.
O God, Who didst constitute Thine only-begotten Son the Saviour of Mankind, and didst bid Him to be called Jesus: mercifully grant, that we who venerate His holy Name on earth, may fully enjoy also the vision of Him in heaven.
(Collect)

Lesson from the Acts of the Apostles.
In those days, Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said to them: Ye princes of the people and ancients, hear: if we this day are examined concerning the good deed done to the infirm man by what means he hath been made whole, be it known to you all, and to all the people of Israel: that by the Name of our Lord Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom your crucified, whom God hath raised from the dead, even by Him this man standeth here before you whole. This is the stone which was rejected by you the builders, which is become the head of the corner: neither is there salvation in any other. For there is no other name under heaven given to men, whereby we must be saved.
(Acts 4:8-12)

From Dom Gueranger's Liturgical Year: http://liturgialatina.org/lityear/christmas/holyname2.htm

The Catholic Encyclopaedia on the Holy Name of Jesus: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07421a.htm

Tuesday, 1 January 2019

1st January, The Circumcision of Our Lord and Octave of the Nativity

The Circumcision of Our Lord and Octave of the Nativity

In the Liturgy of to-day three feasts are really included. The first, that which was known in the ancient sacramentaries as "On the octave-day of our Lord". So the Mass is largely borrowed from those of Christmas.

By the second feast we are reminded that it is to Mary, after almighty God, that we owe our Lord Himself. For this reason, formerly a second Mass was celebrated in the basilica of St. Mary Major, in honour of the Mother of God. Some traces of this Mass remain in the Collect, Secret, and Postcommunion which are the same as in the votive mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The psalms at Vespers are also the same as on the feasts of our Lady.

The third feast is the Circumcision which has been kept since the sixth century. Moses commanded that all the young Israelites should undergo this rite on the eighth day after birth (Gospel). It is a type of Baptism by which a man is spiritually circumcised. "See," says St. Ambrose, "how the whole sequence of the Old Law foreshadowed that which was to come; for circumcision signifies the blotting out of sins. He who is spiritually circumcised by the rooting up of his vices is judged worthy of the Lord's favour." While speaking of the first drops of His sacred Blood that our Redeemer shed for the cleansing of our souls, the Church emphasises the thought of the cutting out of all that is evil in us. "Jesus Christ ... gave Himself for us that He might redeem us from all iniquity and cleanse us" (Epistle). "O Lord ... cleanse us by these heavenly mysteries" (Secret). "May this communion, O Lord, purify us from sin" (Postcommunion).


Puer natus est nobis, et filius datus est nobis, cujus imperium super humerum ejus: et vocabitur nomen ejus, magni consilii Angelus. * Cantate Domino canticum novum: quia mirabilia fecit.
A child is born to us, and a Son is given to us, whose government is upon His shoulder: and His name shall be called the Angel of great counsel. * Sing ye to the Lord a new canticle : because He hath done wonderful things.
(Isaias 9:6 and Psalm 92:10 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, qui salutis aeternae, beatae Mariae virginitate fecunda, humano generi praemia praestitisti: tribue, quaesumus: ut ipsam pro nobis intercedere sentiamus, per quam meruimus auctorem vitae suscipere, Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum Filium tuum.
O God, who by the fruitful virginity of blessed Mary hast bestowed upon the human race the rewards of eternal salvation: grant, we beseech Thee, that we may experience the intercession of her, through whom we have been made worthy to receive the author of life, Jesus Christ Thy Son, our Lord.
(Collect)

The continuation of the Holy Gospel according to St Luke
Et postquam consummati sunt dies octo ut circumcideretur vocatum est nomen eius Jesus quod vocatum est ab angelo priusquam in utero conciperetur.
And after eight days were accomplished, that the child should be circumcised, his name was called JESUS, which was called by the angel, before he was conceived in the womb.
(St Luke 2:21)


Magnum hereditatis mysterium: templum Dei factus est uterus nescientis virum: non est pollutus ex ea carnem assumens: omnes gentes venient, dicentes: Gloria tibi, Domine.
O mighty mystery of generation: the womb of her who knew not man is become the temple of God: He who takes flesh from her is not defiled: all nations shall come, and say: Glory be to Thee, O Lord.
(Magnificat Antiphon at Vespers)


Catholic Encyclopaedia on the Feast of the Circumcision: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03779a.htm


On the opening of the year of Grace 2019

Hymn of Thanksgiving, attributed to St Ambrose.


Te Deum laudamus.
Te Dominum confitemur.
Te aeternum Patrem * omnis terra veneratur.
Tibi omnes Angeli, * tibi coeli et universae potestates.
Tibi Cherubim et Seraphim * incessabili voce proclamant:
Sanctus,
Sanctus,
Sanctus * Dominus Deus Sabaoth.
Pleni sunt coeli et terra * majestatis gloriae tuae.
Te gloriosus * Apostolorum chorus,
Te Prophetarum * laudabilis numerus,
Te Martyrum candidatus * laudat exercitus.
Te per orbem terrarum * sancta confitetur Ecclesia.
Patrem * immensae majestatis.
Venerandum tuum verum * et unicum Filium.
Sanctum quoque * paraclitum Spiritum.
Tu Rex gloriae * Christe.
Tu Patris * sempiternus es Filius.
Tu ad liberandum suscepturus hominem, * non horruisti Virginis uterum.
Tu, devicto mortis aculeo, * aperuisti credentibus regna coelorum.
Tu ad dexteram Dei sedes * in gloria Patris.
Judex crederis * esse venturus.
Te ergo, quaesumus, tuis famulis subveni, * quos pretioso sanguine redemisti.
Aeterna fac cum Sanctis tuis * in gloria numerari.
Salvum fac populum tuum, Domine, * et benedic haereditati tuae.
Et rege eos, * et extolle illos usque in aeternum.
Per singulos dies * benedicimus te.
Et laudamus nomen tuum in saeculum, * et in saeculum saeculi.
Dignare, Domine, die isto * sine peccato nos custodire.
Miserere nostri, Domine, * miserere nostri.
Fiat misericordia tua, Domine, super nos; * quemadmodum speravimus in te.
In te, Domine, speravi; * non confundar in aeternum.



We praise thee, O God: we acknowledge thee to be the Lord.
All the earth doth worship thee: the Father everlasting.
To thee all Angels cry aloud: the Heavens, and all the Powers therein.
To thee Cherubim and Seraphim: continually do cry,
Holy, Holy, Holy: Lord God of Sabaoth;
Heaven and earth are full of the Majesty: of thy glory.
The glorious company of the Apostles: praise thee.
The goodly fellowship of the Prophets: praise thee.
The noble army of Martyrs: praise thee.
The holy Church throughout all the world: doth acknowledge thee;
The Father: of an infinite Majesty;
Thine honourable, true: and only Son;
Also the Holy Ghost: the Comforter.
Thou art the King of Glory: O Christ.
Thou art the everlasting Son: of the Father.
When thou tookest upon thee to deliver man: thou didst not abhor the Virgin's womb.
When thou hadst overcome the sharpness of death: thou didst open the Kingdom of Heaven to all believers.
Thou sittest at the right hand of God: in the glory of the Father.
We believe that thou shalt come: to be our Judge.
We therefore pray thee, help thy servants: whom thou hast redeemed with thy precious blood.
Make them to be numbered with thy Saints: in glory everlasting.
O Lord, save thy people: and bless thine heritage.
Govern them: and lift them up for ever.
Day by day: we magnify thee;
And we worship thy Name: ever world without end.
Vouchsafe, O Lord: to keep us this day without sin.
O Lord, have mercy upon us: have mercy upon us.
O Lord, let thy mercy lighten upon us: as our trust is in thee.
O Lord, in thee have I trusted: let me never be confounded.