This blog contains regular postings relating to the Traditional Latin Liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church. It includes regular commentary on the saints days and the liturgical cycle, with brief background and extracts from the liturgy both in Latin and English. Much of the material has been extracted from the 'St Andrew's Daily Missal', Dom Gueranger's 'Liturgical Year', or similar sources.

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Friday, 16 October 2015

16th October, St Hedwig, Widow

St. Hedwig, Widow

Hedwig, daughter of a prince of Carinthia and aunt on the mother's side of St. Elizabeth of Hungary, married Henry, duke of Poland. She macerated her body both by fasting and watching and by the roughness of her clothes; she served the poor at table; she washed and kissed the ulcers of lepers.

The duke having died, she renounced the world, and entered the Cistercian monastery of Trebnitz where her daughter was abbess. She died on 15th October 1243, and Poland honours here with special veneration as her patroness.

Cognovi, Domine, quia aequitas judicia tua, et in veritate tua humiliasti me: confige timore tuo carnes meas, a mandatis tuis timui. * Beati immaculati in via, qui ambulant in lege Domini.
I know, O Lord, that Thy judgements are equity, and in Thy truth Thou hast humbled me: pierce Thou my flesh with Thy fear, I am afraid of Thy judgements. * Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the Lord.
(Psalms 118:75 and 120:1 from the Introit of Mass).

Deus, qui beatam Hedwígem a saeculi pompa ad humilem tuae Crucis sequelam toto corde transire docuisti: concede; ut ejus meritis et exemplo discamus perituras mundi calcare delícias, et in amplexu tuae Crucis omnia nobis adversantia superare.
O God, who didst teach blessed Hedwig to renounce the pomps of this world with her whole heart, so that she might humbly follow Thy cross; grant that, through her example and merits, we may learn to trample under foot the perishable desires of this world, and by cleaving to Thy cross overcome whatever may withstand us.

Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Wednesday, 14 October 2015

14th October, St Callistus I, Pope and Martyr

St Callistus I, Pope and Martyr

Callistus, a Roman, succeeded St Sephyrinus on the See of Peter. He instituted the fasts of the Ember days. He suffered martyrdom, on October 12th, 223. One of the most important catacombs bears his name.

Sacerdotes Dei, benedicite Dominum: sancti, et humiles corde, laudate Deum. * Benedicite, omnia opera Domini, Domino: laudate et superexaltate eum in saecula.
O ye priests of the Lord, bless the Lord; O ye holy and humble of heart, praise God. * All ye works of the Lord, bless the Lord; praise and exalt Him above all for ever.
(Daniel 3:84,87,57 from Introit of Mass).

Deus qui nos conspicis ex nostra infirmitate deficere: ad amorem tuum nos misericorditer per Sanctorum tuorum exempla restaura.
O God, who seest that we fall through our own infirmity, mercifully restore us to Thy love by the example of Thy saints.

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Tuesday, 13 October 2015

13th October, St Edward, King of England

St Edward the Confessor, King of England

Edward, called the Confessor, was a grandson of St. Edward, king and Martyr.

When he was raised to the throne of England "it was seen," says a historian, "what can be done by a king who is the true father of his subjects. All those who approached him endeavoured to regulate their lives according to his. Neither ambition, nor the love of riches, nor any of the passions which are unfortunately so common among courtiers, were known at his court." He was everywhere called the father of the orphans and of the poor, and he was never happier than when he could distribute alms (Epistle). He always granted what was requested of him in the name of St. John the Evangelist. He died A.D. 1066.

When he was raised to the throne of England he was everywhere called the father of the orphans and of the poor. He died on 5th January 1066. His reign was popularly remembered as a time of justice and mercy by subsequent generations.

13th October is the anniversary of the translation of his relics in 1163, when his incorrupt body was translated into Westminster Abbey, which he had founded, by St Thomas of Canterbury, in the presence of King Henry II.

Os justi meditabitur sapientiam, et lingua ejus loquetur judicium; lex Dei ejus in corde ipsius. * Noli aemulari in malignantibus: neque zelaveris facientes iniquitatem.
The mouth of the just shall meditate wisdom, and his tongue shall speak judgement: the law of his God is in his heart. * Be not emulous of evildoers: nor envy them that work iniquity.
(Psalm 36:30-31,1 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, qui beatum regem Eduardum Confessorem tuum aeternitatis gloria coronasti: fac nos, quaesumus; ita eum venerari in terris, ut cum eo regnare possimus in caelis.
O God, who hast crowned with glory everlasting the blessed King Edward, Thy confessor; grant us, we pray Thee, so to revere him on earth that we may reign with him in heaven.

Veritas mea, et misericordia mea cum ipso: et in nomine meo exaltabitur cornu ejus.
My truth and my mercy shall be with him: and in my name shall his horn be exalted.
(Psalm 88:25 - the Offertory of Mass)

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Monday, 12 October 2015

12th October, St Wilfrid of York, Bishop and Confessor

St Wilfrid of York, Bishop and Confessor

Born in Northumbria in 634, he was brought up in the monastery of Lindisfarne. He accompanied St Benedict Biscop on his famous journey to Rome. He was raised to the see of York, and encountered many trials and difficulties in the exercise of his office, from the Celtic clergy. He died while visiting the monasteries founded by him, and was buried at Ripon, whence his body was, later, translated to Canterbury.

Sacerdotes tui, Domine, induant justitiam, et sancti tui exsultent: propter David servum tuum, non avertas faciem Christi tui. * Memento, Domine, David et omnis mansuetudinis ejus.
Let Thy priests, O Lord, be clothed with justice, and let Thy saints rejoice: for thy servant David's sake, turn not away the face of Thy anointed. * O Lord, remember David and all his meekness.
(Psalm 131:9-10,1 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, cujus gratia beatus Wilfridus Pontifex lucidis meritorum signis excellenter effulsit: praesta nobis propitius; ut ejus semper patrocinio muniamur, cujus doctrina ad appetenda caelestia informatur.
O God, by whose grace the blessed Bishop Wilfrid was distinguished by many brilliant signs of holiness; mercifully grant that we who are taught by his doctrine to desire heavenly things may ever be defended by his patronage.

Catholic encyclopaedia:

Saturday, 10 October 2015

10th October, St Francis Borgia, Confessor

St Francis Borgia, Confessor

Francis was the Duke of Gandia. After providing for the settlement of his children, St. Francis entered the Society of Jesus, where, despising all honours, he made a vow out of humility (Collect) to refuse all dignities. However, he was constrained under obedience to succeed St Ignatius Loyola as the second General of the Jesuit order.

Os justi meditabitur sapientiam, et lingua ejus loquetur judicium: lex Dei ejus in corde ipsius. * Noli aemulari in malignantibus: neque zelaveris facientes iniquitatem.
The mouth of the just shall meditate wisdom, and his tongue shall speak judgement: the law of his God is in his heart. Be not emulous of evildoers: nor envy them that work iniquity.
(Psalm 36,30-31,1 from the Introit of Mass)

Domine Jesu Christe, verae humilitatis et exemplar et praemium: quaesumus; ut, sicut beatum Franciscum in terreni honoris contemptu imitatorem tui gloriosum effecísti, ita nos ejusdem imitationis et gloriae tríbuas esse consortes.
O Lord Jesus Christ, who art both the pattern and the reward of true humility; we beseech Thee that, even as Thou madest blessed Francis follow gloriously in Thy footsteps in the contempt of earthly honours, so Thou wouldst grant us also to become his companions alike in following Thee and in his glory.
(Collect of Mass).

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Friday, 9 October 2015

11th October, Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary

Maternity of the BVM

Mary is the Mother of Jesus and the spiritual Mother of all those who were redeemed by the blood of Jesus. The divine Maternity is her most important privilege and the root of all others.

This Feast was instituted by Pope Pius XI in 1931, on the 15th centenary of the Council of Ephesus, where the dogma of Mary as mother of God was vindicated against the Nestorians.

Ecce Virgo concipiet, et pariet Filium, et vocabitur nomen ejus Emmanuel. * Cantate Domino canticum novum, quia mirabilia fecit.
Behold a Virgin shall conceive and bear a son: and his name shall be called Emmanuel. * Sing ye to the Lord a new canticle: because He hath done wonderful things.
(Isaiah 7:14 and Psalm 97:1 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, qui de beatae Maríae Vírginis utero Verbum tuum, Angelo nuntiante, carnem suscípere voluísti: praesta supplícibus tuis; ut, qui vere eam Genitrícem Dei credimus, ejus apud te intercessionibus adjuvemur.
O God who didst will that Thy Word should take flesh, at the message of an angel, in the womb of the blessed Virgin Mary; grant unto us Thy suppliants that we who believe her to be indeed the Mother of God may be aided by her intercession with Thee.

Maternitas tua, Dei Genitrix Virgo, gaudium annuntiavit universo mundo: ex te enim ortus est sol justltiae, Christus Deus noster.
Thy Maternity, O Mother of God and Virgin, hath announced joy to the whole world : because out of Thee is arisen the sun of justice, Christ our God.
(Antiphon at the Magnificat of 2nd Vespers)

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

9th October, St Dionysius, Bishop, and SS. Rusticus and Eleutherius, Martyrs

St Dionysius, Bishop and SS. Rusticus and Eleutherius, Martyrs

St Dionysius, also called St Denis, was the first Bishop of Paris. He was sent to Lutetia in the 3rd century, accompanied by the priest Rusticus and the deacon Eleutherius. After carrying out his mission there for several years, he was beheaded with his companions (which is why he is represented bearing his head in his hands) at Catulliacum, now St Denis, where they erected over his tomb a basilica; here the kings of France are buried. St. Denis is one of the 14 "Auxiliary Saints"

The Collect and Gospel show forth the Christian heroism of these three Martyrs who fearlessly confessed the name of Christ before men and remained firm in the midst of their sufferings. In the ninth century St Dionysius was erroneously identified with Dionysius the Areopagite, whence the Epistle in the Mass relating the conversion of the latter saint which happened when St Paul passed through Greece on his second journey.

Sapientiam sanctorum narrent populi, et laudes eorum nuntiet Ecclesia: nomina autem eorum vivent in saeculum saeculi. * Exsultate justi in Domino: rectos decet collaudatio.
Let the people show forth the wisdom of the saints, and the Church declare their praise; and their names shall live unto generation and generation. * Rejoice in the Lord, ye just: praise becometh the upright.
(Ecclesiasticus 44:15 and Ps 32:1 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, qui hodierna die beatum Dionysium, Martyrem tuum at que Pontlficem, virtute constantiae in passione roborasti, quique illi, ad praedicandum gentibus gloriam tuam, Rusticum et Eleutherium sociare dignatus es: tribue nobis, quaesumus; eorum imitatione, pro amore tuo prospera mundi despicere, et nulla ejus adversa formidare.
O God, who for the enduring of his passion, didst on this day endow blessed Dionysius, Thy martyr and bishop, with the virtue of constancy, and who for the preaching of Thy glory to the heathen didst vouchsafe to appoint Rusticus and Eleutherius to be his fellow-workers; grant, we beseech Thee, that we may follow their example by despising the good things of this world for the sake of Thy love and by not fearing any of its adversities.

Istorum est enim regnum caelorum, qui contempserunt vitam mundi, et pervenerunt ad praemia regni, et laverunt stolas suas in sanguine Agni.
Blessed are they who have despised earthly pleasure, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven: they have washed their robes in the blood of the Lamb, and have won the heavenly great reward.
(Magnificat Antiphon from 1st Vespers)

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia: