This blog contains regular postings relating to the Traditional Latin Liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church. It includes regular commentary on the saints days and the liturgical cycle, with brief background and extracts from the liturgy both in Latin and English. Much of the material has been extracted from the 'St Andrew's Daily Missal', Dom Gueranger's 'Liturgical Year', or similar sources.

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Thursday, 1 May 2014

1st May, SS Philip and James, Apostles

SS Philip and James, Apostles 
(often transferred to various other dates)

The feasts of the apostles celebrated in the course of the year used to be feasts of obligation. That of St. Philip and St. James at this date recalls the translation of their relics at Rome where the church of the Holy Apostles, consecrated on May 1st (the date of St. Philip's feast), was dedicated to them and received their relics. There is held the Station on all Fridays in Ember Week and on Easter Thursday.

St. Philip, like Peter and Andrew, was of Bethsaida in Galilee. He died at Hierapolis in Phrygia, on the cross, like them. It is he whom Jesus addresses at the multiplication of the loaves and it is through him as intermediary that the Gentiles seek to address the Saviour. To him also we owe what the Master said in His discourse at the Last Supper: "Philip, who seeth Me, seeth My Father" (Gospel). To go to Christ is to go to God, for the works of the Messias have proved His divinity (Ibid.). It is in virtue of His divine nature that He rose again, and the two apostles whose feast coincides with the Easter feasts, by their martyrdom (Introit, Epistle) confirm the truth of which they have been witness.

St. James, called the Minor, was of Cana in Galilee. A cousin of our Lord, he had for brother the Apostle Jude, and was made, by Peter, bishop of Jerusalem. It is of him that St. Paul speaks when he says: "I did not see any apostle except James the brother of the Lord." Called upon by the High Priest to deny Jesus, he was thrown down from the terrace of the Temple and his head was broken by the blow of a club.

Their names are inscribed in the Canon of the Mass (first list). Following the example of the holy apostles Philip and James (Collect) let us confess by a generous life the divinity of the risen Christ.
Clamaverunt ad te, Domine, in tempore afflictionis suae, et tu de caelo exaudisti eos, alleluia, alleluia. * Exsultate, justi, in Domino: rectos decet collaudatio.
In the time of their tribulation they cried to Thee, O Lord, and Thou heardest them from heaven, alleluia, alleluia. * Rejoice in the Lord, ye just: praise becometh the upright.
2 Esdras 9:27 Psalm 32:1 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, qui nos annua Apostolorum tuorum Philippi et Jacobi solemnitate laetificas: praesta, quaesumus; ut, quorum gaudemus meritis, instruamur exemplis.
O God, who makest us glad by the yearly festival of Thine apostles Philip and James; grant, we beseech Thee, that we who rejoice in their merits, may be taught by their example.

Wednesday, 30 April 2014

April 30, St. Catherine of Siena, Virgin (and Doctor)

St. Catherine of Siena, Virgin (and Doctor)

"The Holy Order of Preachers which yesterday offered a red rose to Jesus risen again, offers Him to-day a lily of dazzling whiteness."

St. Catherine of Siena (1347-1380) was the last but one of twenty-four children. In her childhood she chose Jesus for her Spouse (Epistle), subjecting her delicate body to frightful mortifications, her only support during her prolonged fasts was Holy Communion (Postcommunion).

She received from the crucified Lord the stigmata and inspired knowledge concerning the most profound mysteries of religion. It was by her persuasion that Gregory XI left Avignon to return to Rome.

When, like Christ, she had reached her 33rd year, she entered heaven with her divine Spouse to take part in the nuptial banquet (Gospel) in the holy joys of the eternal Passover (Introit, Alleluia).

"Let us offer to God on this day the sacred Host embalmed with the virginal perfume of blessed Catherine" (Secret), so that He may grant us in return life eternal (Postcommunion).

[St. Catherine of Siena was named Doctor of the Church in 1970 by Paul VI, along with St Teresa of Avila. They are both referred to in hagiography and prayer as "seraphic virgin."]

Dilexisti justitiam, et odisti iniquitatem: properea unxit te Deus, Deus tuus, oleo laetitiae prae consortibus tuis. * Eructavit cor meum verbum bonum: dico ego opera mea Regi.
Thou hast loved justice and hated iniquity: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. * My heart hath uttered a good word: I speak my works to the King.
(Psalm 44:8,2 from the Introit of Mass)
Da, quaesumus, omnipotens Deus: ut, qui beatae Catharinae Virginis tuae natalitia colimus; et annua solemnitate laetemur, et tantae virtutis proficiamus exemplo.
Grant, we beseech Thee, O almighty God, that commemorating the heavenly birthday of blessed Catherine, Thy virgin, we may both rejoice on her yearly festival and benefit by the example of so great a virtue.

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Tuesday, 29 April 2014

April 29, St. Peter of Verona, Martyr

St. Peter of Verona, Martyr

Born at Verona towards 1205 from Manichean parents, St. Peter as a child opposed the heretics. He entered the Order of St. Dominic. He preserved such purity of body and soul that he never committed a mortal sin.

We read in the Bull of his canonization: "A chosen cluster from the vine of the Church has filled with its generous juice the royal chalice: the branch from which it has been cut by the sword, was of those which most strongly adhered to the divine stem" (Gospel).

The ardour of his faith so enflamed him that he wished to die for it and his prayer was heard. "As he lived piously in Christ it was necessary that he should be persecuted" (Epistle) and an impious assassin sent by the Manichees murdered him on the road from Como to Milan in 1252.

Let us ask God to grant us, through the merits of St. Peter, a faith so strong (Collect) that it may obtain for us, after all the adversities of this life' Postcommunion) the joys of the resurrection (Epistle, Communion).

Protexisti me, Deus, a conventu malignantium, alleluja: a multitudine operantium iniquitatem, alleluja, alleluja. * Exaudi, Deus, orationem meam cum deprecor: a timore inimici eripe animam meam.
Thou hast protected me, O God, from the assembly of the malignant, alleluia: from the multitude of the workers of iniquity, alleluia, alleluia. * Hear, O God, my prayer, when I make supplication to Thee: free my soul from the fear of the enemy.
(Psalm 63:3,2 from the Introit of Mass)

Praesta, quaesumus, omnipotens Deus: ut beati Petri Martyris tui fidem congrua devotione sectemur; qui, pro ejusdem fidei dilatatione, martyrii palmam meruit obtinere.
Grant, we beseech Thee, O almighty God, that with fitting devotion we may follow the faith of blessed Peter, Thy martyr, who in the spreading of that same faith, was found worthy to win the palm of martyrdom.

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Monday, 28 April 2014

28th April, St Vitalis, Martyr

St. Vitalis, Martyr

St. Vitalis, father of SS. Gervase and Protase, was put to death at Ravenna under Nero about 62 A. D. Having been tortured on the rack he was thrown into a deep hole and stoned to death. A church was consecrated to him in Rome: the Station is held there on the Friday in the Second Week in Lent

Protexisti me, Deus, a conventu malignantium, alleluja: a multitudine operantium iniquitatem, alleluja, alleluja. * Exaudi, Deus, orationem meam cum deprecor: a timore inimici eripe animam meam.
Thou hast protected me, O God, from the assembly of the malignant, alleluia: from the multitude of the workers of iniquity, alleluia, alleluia. * Hear, O God, my prayer, when I make supplication to Thee: free my soul from the fear of the enemy.
(Psalm 63:3,2 from the Introit of Mass)

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

April 28, St. Paul of the Cross, Confessor

St. Paul of the Cross, Confessor

St. Paul of the Cross was born at Ovada in the State of Genoa in 1694. As his name indicates, he had during all his life a burning love for Jesus crucified. "Nailed to the Cross with Christ" (Gospel), he devoted himself to preaching everywhere with singular charity, the mystery of the cross (Collect, Epistle). To carry out this great work in the Church (Gospel), he instituted the Passionists who make a vow to propagate the blessed memory of the Saviour's Passion.

Consumed by the love which he drew from the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, "which is the perpetual memorial of the boundless charity of Christ" (Postcommunion) he offered himself to God with Jesus "as an oblation of agreeable odour" (Offertory) and died in 1775.

Let us, like St. Paul of the Cross, suffer with the crucified Saviour, "that we may rejoice with Jesus risen again" (Alleluia, Communion).

Christo confixus sum cruci: vivo autem, jam non ego: vivit vero in me Christus: in fide vivo Filii Dei, qui dilexit me, et tradidit semetipsum pro me, alleluia, alleluia. Beatus qui intelligit super egenum et pauperem: in die mala liberabit eum Dominus.
With Christ I am nailed to the cross: but I live, now not I: but Christ liveth in me: I live in the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and delivered Himself for me, alleluia, alleluia. * Blessed is he that understandeth concerning the needy and the poor: the Lord will deliver him in the evil day.
(Galatians 2:19-20 and Psalm 40:2 from the Introit of Mass)

Domine Jesu Christe, qui ad mysterium crucis praedicandum, sanctum Paulum singulari caritate donasti, et per eum novam in Ecclesia familiam florescere voluisti: ipsius nobis intercessione concede: ut passionem tuam jugiter recolentes in terris, ejusdem fructum consequi mereamur in caelis.
O Lord Jesus Christ, who didst endow holy Paul with singular charity to preach the mystery of the Cross, and willed that through him a new family should flourish in the Church : grant us, through his intercession, that ever recalling the memory of Thy passion upon earth, we may deserve to obtain the fruit of it in heaven.

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Commemoration of the Cross at Lauds and Vespers

The following commemoration is made at Lauds and Vespers throughout Eastertide - from the Monday after Low Sunday, until 1st Vespers of the Ascension - unless there occur the Office or the Commemoration of a Double or of an Octave.

"Cross and Resurrection complement each other, the one cannot exist without the other. During His lifetime our Lord always referred to the Resurrection when prophesying about His Passion and death. The Church follows His example in Lent and Holy Week. Easter joy may be detected in many passion chants. And, inversely, during Easter time the Cross is never wholly absent. This is brought out quite strikingly in the Office: morning and evening on ferials and feasts of lower rank there is recited the Commemoratio in Cruce."
(Pius Parsch, Year of Grace)

Antiphon. CrucifĂ­xus surrexit a mortuis, et redemit nos, alleluja, alleluja.

V. Dicite in nationibus, alleluja.
R. Quia Dominus regnavit a ligno, alleluja.
Deus, qui pro nobis Filium tuum Crucis patĂ­bulum subire voluisti, ut inimici a nobis expelleres potestatem: concede nobis, famulis tuis; ut resurrectionis gratiam consequamur. Per eumdem Dominum. R. Amen.

Antiphon. The Crucified hath risen from the sepulchre, and redeemed us, alleluia, alleluia.

V. Tell it out among the heathen, alleluia.
R. That the Lord hath reigned from the Tree, alleluia.

Let us pray.
O God, who for our sakes didst send thy Son to suffer death upon the Cross, that thou mightest deliver us from the power of the enemy: mercifully grant to us thy servants; that we may attain unto the grace of his resurrection. Through the same. R. Amen.

Sunday, 27 April 2014

27th April, St Peter Canisius, Confessor and Doctor of the Church

St. Peter Canisius, Confessor and Doctor of the Church

He was born at Nimegen, Holland, on May 8th, 1521; he died at Fribourg, Switzerland, on December 21th, 1597; was beatified by Pius IX; canonized and proclaimed Doctor of the Church by Pope Pius XI. His feast was extended to the universal Church on November 24th, 1926. It it fitting that this Dutch saint should be called the Apostle of Germany, the hammer of heretics, the Jerome and Augustine of his century, the defender of the Church against the gates of hell. By his eloquent preaching, controversy and books of piety, by the foundation of several colleges, by the missions entrusted to him by four Sovereign Pontiffs, he stopped the progress of Protestantism and caused Catholic life to flourish. He assisted as a theologian at the Council of Trent, and maintained the interests of the Church at the Diet of Augsburg and at the Conference of Worms. Profoundly humble, he refused the bishoprics of Vienna and Cologne. We owe to him the first catechism of Christian doctrine which suffices to entitle him to the gratitude of Catholics. He ended his days at the college of St. Michael, Fribourg, where pilgrims visit his room and pray at his tomb.

In medio Ecclesiae aperuit os ejus: et implevit eum Dominus spiritu sapientiae et intellectus: stolam gloriae induit eum. * Bonum est confiteri Domino: et psallere nomini tuo, Altissime.
In the midst of the Church the Lord opened his mouth: and He filled him with the spirit of wisdom and understanding: He clothed him with a robe of glory. * It is good to give praise to the Lord: and to sing to Thy name, O most High.
(Ecclesiasticus 15:5 and Psalm 91:2 from the Introit of Mass)
Deus, qui ad tuendam catho1icam fidem beatum Petrum Confessorem tuum virtute et doctrlna roborasti: concede propitius: ut ejus exemplis et monitis errantes ad salutem resipiscant, et fideles in veritatis confessione perseverent.
O God, who didst strengthen blessed Peter thy confessor in virtue and doctrine for the defence of the Catholic faith: grant in thy mercy, that by his example and teaching the erring may be brought to repentance, and the faithful persevere in confession of the truth. Through our Lord.Collect)

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia: