This blog contains regular postings relating to the Traditional Latin Liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church. It includes regular commentary on the saints days and the liturgical cycle, with brief background and extracts from the liturgy both in Latin and English. Much of the material has been extracted from the 'St Andrew's Daily Missal', Dom Gueranger's 'Liturgical Year', or similar sources.

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Thursday, 8 December 2016

Tridentine Profession of Faith

The Tridentine Profession of Faith was promulgated by Pope Paul IV in 1563 as a summary of the infallible teachings of the Council of Trent. It was used thereafter as a Profession of Faith to be made by converts and those holding office in the Church, and is regarded as one of the standard declarations of Faith as held by the Catholic Church.

Translation of the Profession of Faith.

I, N, with a firm faith believe and profess each and everything which is contained in the Creed which the Holy Roman Church maketh use of. To wit:

 I believe in one God, The Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible. And in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the Only-begotten Son of God. Born of the Father before all ages. God of God, Light of Light, true God of true God. Begotten, not made, of one substance with the Father. By whom all things were made. Who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven. And became incarnate by the Holy Spirit of the Virgin Mary: and was made man. He was also crucified for us, suffered under Pontius Pilate, and was buried. And on the third day He rose again according to the Scriptures. He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead and His kingdom will have no end. And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and Giver of life, Who proceeds from the Father and the Son. Who together with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified, and who spoke through the prophets. And one holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church. I confess one baptism for the forgiveness of sins and I await the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. Amen.

 The Apostolic and Ecclesiastical traditions and all other observances and constitutions of that same Church I firmly admit to and embrace.

I also accept the Holy Scripture according to that sense which holy mother the Church hath held, and doth hold, and to whom it belongeth to judge the true sense and interpretations of the Scriptures. Neither will I ever take and interpret them otherwise than according to the unanimous consent of the Fathers.

I also profess that there are truly and properly Seven Sacraments of the New Law, instituted by Jesus Christ our Lord, and necessary for the salvation of mankind, though not all are necessary for everyone; to wit, Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Extreme Unction, Holy Orders, and Matrimony; and that they confer grace; and that of these, Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders cannot be repeated without sacrilege. I also receive and admit the accepted and approved ceremonies of the Catholic Church in the solemn administration of the aforesaid sacraments.

I embrace and accept each and everything which has been defined and declared in the holy Council of Trent concerning original sin and justification.

I profess, likewise, that in the Mass there is offered to God a true, proper, and propitiatory sacrifice for the living and the dead; and that in the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist there is truly, really, and substantially, the Body and Blood, together with the soul and divinity, of our Lord Jesus Christ; and that a conversion takes place of the whole substance of the bread into the Body, and of the whole substance of the wine into the Blood, which conversion the Catholic Church calls Transubstantiation.

I also confess that under either species alone Christ is received whole and entire, and a true sacrament.

I steadfastly hold that there is a Purgatory, and that the souls therein detained are helped by the suffrages of the faithful. Likewise, that the saints, reigning together with Christ, are to be honored and invoked, and that they offer prayers to God for us, and that their relics are to be venerated.

I most firmly assert that the images of Christ, of the Mother of God, ever virgin, and also of other Saints, ought to be kept and retained, and that due honor and veneration is to be given them.

I also affirm that the power of indulgences was left by Christ in the Church, and that the use of them is most wholesome to Christian people.

I acknowledge the Holy Catholic Apostolic Roman Church as the mother and teacher of all churches; and I promise true obedience to the Bishop of Rome, successor to St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles, and Vicar of Jesus Christ.

I likewise undoubtedly receive and profess all other things delivered, defined, and declared by the sacred Canons, and general Councils, and particularly by the holy Council of Trent, [and by the ecumenical Council of the Vatican, particularly concerning the primacy of the Roman Pontiff and his infallible teaching]. I condemn, reject, and anathematize all things contrary thereto, and all heresies which the Church hath condemned, rejected, and anathematized.

This true Catholic faith, outside of which no one can be saved, which I now freely profess and to which I truly adhere, I do so profess and swear to maintain inviolate and with firm constancy with the help of God until the last breath of life. And I shall strive, as far as possible, that this same faith shall be held, taught, and professed by all those over whom I have charge. I N. do so pledge, promise, and swear, so help me God and these Holy Gospels of God.

8th December, The Immaculate Conception of Our Lady

The Immaculate Conception of Our Lady

Having decided from all eternity to make Mary Mother of the Incarnate Word (Epistle), God willed that she should crush the head of the serpent from the moment of her conception. He covered her "with a mantle of holiness" (Introit) and, "preserving her soul from all stain, He made her a worthy dwelling place for His Son" (Collect). The feast of the "Conception" of the Virgin was, from the eighth century, celebrated in the East on 9th December, from the ninth century in Ireland on 3rd May, and in the eleventh century in England on 8th December. The Benedictines with St Anselm, and the Franciscans with Duns Scotus (1308) favoured the feast of the "Immaculate Conception", which in 1128 was kept in the Anglo-Saxon monasteries. In the fifteenth century Pope Sixtus IV, a Franciscan, erected at the Vatican the Sistine Chapel in honour of the Conception of the Virgin. And on 8th December 1854, Pius IX officially proclaimed this great dogma, making himself the mouthpiece of all the Christian tradition summed up in the words of the angel: "Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee, blessed art thou among women" (Gospel). "Thou art all beautiful O Mary, and the original stain is not in thee" says in truth the alleluia verse. Like the dawn which announces the day, Mary precedes the Sun of Justice which will soon illumine the world of souls. Bringing to us her Son, it is she who first appears in the liturgical cycle. Let us ask God "to heal us and to deliver us from all our sins" (Secret, Postcommunion) in order that by the graces which specially belong to the feast of the "Immaculate" we may become more worthy of receiving Jesus in our hearts when He comes into them on 25th December.

Devotion to the Mother of God holds an important place in the liturgy of Advent. The period going from Advent to Candlemas constitutes a real liturgical season or Month of Mary.

Gaudens gaudébo in Dómino, et exsultábit ánima mea in Deo meo: quia induit me vestiméntis salútis; et induménto justitiae circúmdedit me, quasi sponsam ornátam monílibus suis. *Exaltábo te, Dómine, quoniam suscepísti me: nec delectásti inimícos meos super me.
I will greatly rejoice in the Lord, and my soul shall be joyful in my God: for He hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, and with the robe of justice He hath covered me, as a bride adorned with her jewels. * I will extol Thee, O Lord, for Thou hast upheld me: and hast not made my enemies to rejoice over me.
(Isaias 61:10 and Psalm 29:2 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, qui per immaculátam Vírginis Conceptiónem dignum Fílio tuo habitáculum præparásti; quaesumus, ut qui, ex morte ejúsdem Fílii tui praevísa, eam ab omni labe præservásti, nos quoque mundos ejus intercessióne ad te pervenire concédas.
O God, who by the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin didst prepare a worthy dwelling place for Thy Son: we beseech Thee, that as by the foreseen death of the same Thy Son, Thou didst preserve her from all stain, so Thou wouldst grant to us also, through her intercession, to come unto Thee with clean hearts.

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia on the Immaculate Conception:

Meditation for 8th December from Bishop Challoner:

Wednesday, 7 December 2016

7th November, St Ambrose, Bishop, Confessor and Doctor

St Ambrose, Bishop, Confessor and Doctor

St Ambrose, born at Treves towards 335, was one of the four great doctors of the Latin Church. When he was still in his cradle some bees settled in his mouth as if to make honey there, presaging his future great eloquence.
While he was governor of Milan, Ambrose was providentially chosen as bishop by the voice of a child and he became an indefatigable preacher mentioned in the Epistle and Gospel. He opposed the heretics, humbled the emperor Theodosius, and brought into the church St Augustine, whose conversion was worth that of entire kingdoms.

He enriched the Divine office with sacred hymns to be chanted by the congregation. The Milanese liturgy is still known as the "Ambrosian Rite." This great bishop died in 397, during the night of Saturday in Holy Week.

In medio Ecclesiae aperuit os ejus: et implevit eum Dominus spiritu sapientiae et intellectus: stolam gloriae induit eum. * Bonum est confiteri Domino: et psallere nomini tuo, Altissime.
In the midst of the Church the Lord opened his mouth: and He filled him with the spirit of wisdom and understanding: He clothed him with a robe of glory. * It is good to give praise to the Lord: and to sing to Thy name, O most High.
(Ecclesiasticus 15:5 and Psalm 91:2 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, qui pópulo tuo aetérnae salútis beátum Ambrósium minístrum tribuísti: praesta, quaesumus; ut, quem Doctórem vitae habúimus in terris, intercessórem habére mereámur in coelis.
O God, who didst give unto Thy people blessed Ambrose to be a minister of eternal salvation: grant, we beseech Thee, that we may be worthy to have as an intercessor in heaven him, whom we have had as a teacher of life on earth.

Catholic Encyclopaedia:

7th December, Vigil of the Immaculate Conception of Our Lady

Vigil of the Immaculate Conception of Our Lady

In 1879 Pope Leo XIII extended this Vigil to the entire Church. Let us on this day ask the Immaculate Virgin to purify our hearts still more for tomorrow's solemnity (collect).
Veníte, audíte, et narrábo, omnes qui timétis Deum, quanta fecit Dóminus ánimae meae. * Jubiláte Deo, omnis terra: psalmum dícite nómini ejus, date glóriam laudi ejus.
O come hither, and hearken, all ye that fear God; and I will tell you what great things he hath done for my soul. * Shout with joy to God all the earth, sing ye a psalm to His name, give glory to His praise.
(Psalm 65:16,1-2 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, qui Unigéniti tui Matrem ab origináli culpa in sua Conceptióne mirabíliter praeservásti: da, quaesumus; ut sua nos intercessióne munítos, corde mundos fácias suæ interésse festivitáte.
O God, Who didst wondrously preserve the mother of Thine only-begotten Son from original sin in her own conception, grant, we beseech Thee, that Thou mayest make us, strengthened by her intercession, to keep her festival with clean hearts.

Tuesday, 6 December 2016

6th December, St Nicholas, Bishop and Confessor

St Nicholas, Bishop and Confessor

St Nicholas was born in Asia Minor. God glorified him by an endless number of miracles, and the Church, remembering the power he exercised over flames, makes us pray that we may, through his intercession, be preserved from the flames of hell (Collect).

Having become archbishop of Myra, he took part in the Council of Nicaea, which condemned Arianism.

When still a youth, he discreetly through alms in at a window to save the honour of three young girls, an act still commemorated nowadays in "Santa Claus" when children thank St Nicholas for presents found on the hearth. He died in 324. His relics are preserved at Bari (Italy).

Statuit ei Dominus testamentum pacis, et principem fecit eum: ut sit illi sacerdotii dignitas in aeternum. * Memento, Domine, David, et omnis mansuetudinis ejus.
The Lord made to him a covenant of peace, and made him a prince: that the dignity of the priesthood should be to him for ever. * O Lord, remember David: and all his meekness.
(Ecclesiasticus 45:30 and Psalm 131:1 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, qui beátum Nicoláum Pontíficem innúmeris decorásti miráculis: tríbue, quaesumus; ut ejus méritis et précibus a gehénnæ incéndiis liberémur.
O God, who didst adorn by the working of countless miracles the holy bishop Nicholas: grant, we beseech Thee, that by his merits and prayers we may be delivered from the flames of hell.

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Monday, 5 December 2016

5th December, St Sabbas, Abbot

St Sabbas, Abbot

St Sabbas, a celebrated anchorite of the fifth century, organized monastic communities in Palestine and founded, among others, the celebrated monastery which bears his name. He died in 531 at the age of ninety four.

Os justi meditabitur sapientiam, et lingua ejus loquetur judicium: lex Dei ejus in corde ipsius. * Noli aemulari in malignantibus: neque zelaveris facientes iniquitatem.
The mouth of the just shall meditate wisdom, and his tongue shall speak judgement: the law of his God is in his heart. * Be not emulous of evildoers: nor envy them that work iniquity.
(Psalm 36:30-31 and 1 from the Introit of Mass)

Intercéssio nos, quaesumus, Dómine, beáti Sabbae Abbátis comméndet: ut, quod nostris méritis non valémus, ejus patrocínio assequámur.
May the intercession of the blessed abbot Sabbas, we beseech Thee, O Lord, commend us unto Thee, that what we cannot have through our own merits we may obtain through his patronage.

Catholic Encyclopaedia:

5th December, St Barbara, Virgin and Martyr

St Barbara, Virgin and Martyr

Martyred in Asia Minor about 235, she is on the list of the "Fourteen Auxiliary Saints."

Loquebar de testimoniis tuis in conspectu regum, et non confundebar: et meditabar in mandatis tuis, quae dilexi nimis. * Beati immaculati in via, qui ambulant in lege Domini.
I spoke of Thy testimonies before kings, and I was not ashamed: I meditated also on Thy commandments, which I loved. * Blessed are the undefiled in the way: who walk in the law of the Lord.
(Psalm 118:46-47,1 from the Introit of Mass)

Deus, qui inter cétera poténtiae tuae mirácula etiam in sexu frágili victóriam martýrii contulísti: concéde propítius; ut, qui beátae Barbarae Vírginis et Martyris tuae natalítia cólimus, per ejus ad te exémpla gradiámur.
O God, who among the wonders of Thy power hast granted even to the weaker sex the triumph of martyrdom: mercifully grant that we who celebrate the heavenly birthday of blessed Barbara Thy virgin and martyr, may, through her example, advance nearer to Thee.

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia: