This blog contains regular postings relating to the Traditional Latin Liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church. It includes regular commentary on the saints days and the liturgical cycle, with brief background and extracts from the liturgy both in Latin and English. Much of the material has been extracted from the 'St Andrew's Daily Missal', Dom Gueranger's 'Liturgical Year', or similar sources.

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Friday, 12 September 2014

12th September, The Most Holy Name of Mary

The Most Holy Name of Mary

Just as a few days after Christmas we celebrate the holy Name of Jesus, so, after the Nativity of Mary we glorify her holy name. Eight days after the birth of the Virgin, according to the custom of the Jews, her holy parents inspired by God, say St. Jerome and St. Antoninus, gave her the name of Mary. Wherefore, during the octave of the Nativity, the liturgy gives a feast in honour of this holy name.

Spain, with the approval of Rome, in 1513, was the first to celebrate it, and in 1683 it was extended to the whole Church by Innocent XI to thank Mary for the victory which John Sobieski, King of Poland, had just gained against the Turks who beseiged Vienna and threatened the West.

"The name of the Virgin," says the Gospel, "was Mary." The Hebrew name of Mary, in Latin Domina, means Lady or sovereign; for the authority of her son, Lord of the world, makes her a sovereign from her birth in fact as well as in name. Whence, as we call Jesus our Lord, we say of Mary that she is our Lady. To pronounce her name, is to proclaim her power.

Let us offer the Holy Sacrifice to God to honour the most holy name of Mary and to obtain by her intercession her continual protection (Post-communion).

Vultum tuum deprecabuntur omnes dlvites plebis: adducentur regi virgines post eam: proximae ejus adducentur tibi in laetitia et exsultatione. * Eructavit cor meum verbum bonum: dico ego opera mea Regi.
All the rich among the people shall entreat thy countenance: after her shall virgins be brought to the King; her neighbours shall be brought to Thee in gladness and rejoicing. * My heart hath uttered a good word: I speak my works to the King.
(Psalm 44:13,15,16,2 from the Introit of Mass)

Concede, quaesumus, omnipotens Deus: ut fideles tui, qui sub sanctissimae Virginis Mariae nomine et protectione laetantur; ejus pia intercessione, a cunctis malis liberentur in terris et ad gaudia aeterna pervenire mereantur in caelis.
To Thy faithful people, rejoicing in the name and protection of the most holy Virgin Mary, vouchsafe, O almighty God, we beseech Thee, through her loving intercession, to be delivered from all evils here on earth, and to be accounted worthy to enter into everlasting joys in heaven.

Benedicta et venerabilis es, Virgo Maria: quae sine tactu pudoris, inventa es Mater Salvatoris. * Virgo Dei Genitrix, quem totus non capit orbis, in tua se clausit viscera factus homo.
Alleluia, alleluia. Post partum, Virgo, inviolata permansisti: Dei Genitrix, intercede pro nobis. Alleluia.
O Virgin Mary, blessed and venerable art thou; without blemish to thy maidenhood, thou didst become the Mother of the Saviour. * O Virgin, Mother of God, He whom the whole world availeth not to contain, being made man, shut Himself up within thy womb.
Alleluia, alleluia. After childbirth thou didst remain a pure virgin; intercede for us, O Mother of God. Alleluia.

Thursday, 11 September 2014

11th September, SS. Protus and Hyacinth, Martyrs

SS. Protus and Hyacinth, Martyrs

After having been cruelly scourged, these two brothers were beheaded and took their places in the army of Martyrs (Alleluia). This was at Rome about A.D. 260 under Valerian and Gallian.

Salus autem justorum a Domino: et protector eorum est in tempore tribulationis. * Noli aemulari in malignantibus: neque zelaveris facientes iniquitatem.
But the salvation of the just if from the Lord: and He is their protector in the time of trouble. * Be not emulous of evildoers; nor envy them that work iniquity.
(Psalm 36:39,1 from the Introit of Mass)

Beatorum Martyrum tuorum Proti et Hyacinthi nos, Domine, foveat pretiosa confessio: et pia jugiter intercessio tueatur.
Lord, let the glorious confession of Thy blessed martyrs Protus and Hyacinth strengthen us, and let their loving intercession continually shield us. Through our Lord.

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Wednesday, 10 September 2014

10th September, St. Nicholas of Tolentino, Confessor

St. Nicholas of Tolentino, Confessor

Nicholas, called of Tolentino, on account of his long sojourn at this place, received the baptismal name of the holy bishop of Myra, because he was born after a pilgrimage made by his parents to the tomb of the great miracle-worker at Bari.

Following the example of his holy patron, although only seven years old, he fasted several times a week. Listening one day to a sermon by a preacher of the Order of Hermits of St. Augustine, on contempt of the world, he determined to give up all he possessed (Gospel) and to enter that Order. He is represented holding a lily, because he was always a model of innocence and purity. He died in 1308.

Justus ut palma florebit: sicut cedrus Libani multiplicabitur: plantatus in domo Domini: in atriis domus Dei nostri. * Bonum est confiteri Domino: et psallere nomini tuo, Altissime.
The just shall flourish like the palm-tree: he shall grow up like the cedar of Libanus: planted in the house of the Lord, in the courts of the house of our God.
(Psalm 91:13-14,2 from the Introit of Mass)

Adésto, Dómine, supplicatiónibus nostris, quas in beáti Nicolai Confessóris tui sollemnitáte deférimus: ut, qui nostrae justítiae fidúciam non habémus, ejus, qui tibi plácuit, précibus adjuvémur.
Attend, O Lord, unto our supplications, which we offer to Thee on the solemnity of blessed Nicholas Thy confessor; that we who trust not in our own justice, may be helped by the prayers of him who pleased Thee.

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Tuesday, 9 September 2014

9th September, St Gorgonius, Martyr

St Gorgonius, Martyr

Gorgonius was born at Nicomedia. While an officer of the household of Diocletian, he converted to the faith of Christ, with the help of his colleague Dorothy, all the servants of the imperial palace. "To punish them for such audacity, they were hung up and their bodies lacerated by whips; then vinegar and salt were thrown on their uncovered entrails and they were strangled after having been roasted on a gridiron." They were put to death at Nicomedia in A.D. 303. Later, the body of St. Gorgonius was buried at Rome on the Latin Way, whence it was eventually translated to the basilica of St. Peter.

Laetábitur justus in Dómino, et sperábit in eo: et laudabúntur omnes recti corde. * Exáudi, Deus, oratiónem meam, cum déprecor: a timóre inimíci éripe ánimam meam.
The just shall rejoice in the Lord, and shall hope in Him: and all the upright of heart shall be praised. * Hear, O God, my prayer when I make supplications to Thee: deliver my sould from the fear of the enemy.
(Psalm 63:11,2 from the Introit of Mass)

Sanctus tuus, Domine, Gorgonius sua nos intercessione laetificet: et pia faciat solemnitate gaudere.
O Lord, may Thy holy Gorgonius make us glad by his intercession and cause us to rejoice on his holy festival.

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Monday, 8 September 2014

8th September, St. Adrian, Martyr

St. Adrian, Martyr

"At Nicomedia ", says the Roman Martyrology, "St. Adrian, martyr, and twenty-three other Saints, who after undergoing many torments, had their legs crushed and thus ended their glorious fight under the Emperors Diocletian and Maximian, about A.D. 303. The body of St. Adrian was later translated to Rome on the day when his feast is solemnized ".

In virtute tua, Domine laetabitur justus: et super salutare tuum exsultabit vehementer: desiderium animae ejus tribuisti ei. * Quoniam praevenisti eum in bendictionibus dulcedinis: posuisti in capite ejus coronam de lapide pretioso.
In Thy strength, O Lord, the just man shall joy and in Thy salvation he shall rejoice exceedingly: Thou hast given him his heart's desire. For Thou hast prevented him with blessing of sweetness: Thou hast set on his head a crown of precious stones.
(Psalm 20:2-3,4 from the Introit of Mass)

Grant, we beseech Thee, O almighty God, that we who celebrate the festival of blessed Adrian Thy martyr, may by his intercession be strengthened in the love of Thy name.

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

8th September, The Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary

This very ancient feast was already solemnized in the seventh century, and Pope Innocent IV, to fulfil the vow made by the Cardinals before the election of his predecessor, gave it an Octave at the first Council of Lyons in 1245. This date (September 8) served to fix that of the feast of the Immaculate Conception on December 8.

Mary is inseparable from Jesus in the divine plan, wherefore the Liturgy applies to her what Holy Scripture says of the eternal Wisdom which is the Word "by whom all was made". Like Christ, the Virgin presides over the whole work of creation, for having been chosen of all eternity to give us the Saviour, it is she, with her Son, whom God had chiefly in view when He created the world.

Salve, sancta parens, enixa puerpera regem: qui caelum terramque regit in saecula saeculorum. * Eructavit cor meum verbum bonum : dico ego opera mea Regi.

Hail, holy Mother! giving birth to thy Child, thou didst bring forth the King, who ruleth the heavens and the earth for ever and ever. Ps. My heart hath uttered a good word : I speak my works to the King.
(Psalm 44:2 from the introit of mass)

Famulis tuis, quaesumus, Domine, caelestis gratiae munus impertire: ut, quibus beatae Virginis partus exstitit salutis exordium; Nativitatis ejus votiva solemnitas, pacis tribuat incrementum.
We beseech Thee, O Lord, grant to Thy servants the gift of Thy heavenly grace; that as the child-bearing of the Blessed Virgin was the beginning of salvation, so the joyful festival of her Nativity may bring us an increase of peace.

Nativitas tua, Dei Genitrix Virgo, gaudium annuntiavit universo mundo: ex te enim ortus est Sol justitiae, Christus Deus noster: qui solvens maledictionem, dedit benedictionem, et confundens mortem, donavit nobis vitam sempiternam.
Thy Nativity, O Virgin Mother of God, was the herald of joy to the whole world; since from thee arose the Sun of Justice, Christ our God, who, destroying the curse, bestowed the blessing, and confounding death, rewarded us with life everlasting.
(Antiphon at the Magnificat)

From the Catholic Encyclopaedia:

Monday, 1 September 2014

The Fourteen Auxiliary Saints

The Fourteen Auxiliary Saints

The name of "Auxiliary Saints" is given to a group of fourteen saints particularly noted for the efficacy of their intercession. They were often represented together. They are to be recognized:

1. St. George (April 23), by the dragon he strikes down. He is invoked against herpetic diseases. He is, with St. Sebastian and St. Maurice, the patron of soldiers.

2. St. Blaise (February 3), by his two candles crossed. He is invoked against diseases of the throat.

3. St. Erasmus (June 2), by entrails wound round a windlass. He is invoked against diseases of the stomach. He is the patron of mariners and seamen.

4. St. Pantaleon (July 27), by his nailed hands. Invoked against consumption. He is, with St. Luke and SS. Cosmas and Damian, patron of medical men.

5. St. Vitus (or Guy) (June 15), by his cross. Invoked against chorea (St. Vitus's dance), lethargy, the bite cf venomous or mad beasts.

6. St. Christopher (July 25), by the Infant Jesus he bears. He is invoked in storms, tempests, plagues, and for the avoidance of accidents in travelling. (Blessing of motorcars.)

7. St. Denis (October 9), by his head which he holds in his hands. Invoked for people possessed of devils.

8. St. Cyriacus (August 8), by his deacon's vestments. Invoked against diseases of the eye and diabolical possession.

9. St. Acathius (May 8), by his crown of thorns. Invoked against headaches.

10. St. Eustace (September 20), by his stag and hunting equipement. Invoked for preservation from fire, eternal or temporal.

11. St. Giles (September 1), by his Benedictine cowl and his hind. Invoked against panic, epilepsy, madness, nocturnal terrors.

12. St. Margaret (July 20), by the dragon she keeps in chains. Invoked against pains in the loins and by women about to become mothers.

13. St. Barbara (December 4), by her tower and the ciborium surmounted by a sacred host. Invoked against lightnings and sudden death. Patron of miners and artillery men.

14. St. Catharine (November 25), by her broken wheel. "The wise counsellor" is invoked by students, Christian philosophers, orators, barristers, etc.