Not to be confused with St Martin of Tours, whose feast was yesterday, St Martin I became Pope in 649. He condemned the Monothelites, who only admitted a Divine will in Christ. He was treacherously seized by order of the heretical emperor Constant, and carried away to Constantinople. After enduring much suffering and humiliation, he was exiled to Chersonesus, where he died of fatigue on 16th September 665. His body was translated to Rome on 12th November, and was laid in the church of St Sylvester and Martin the Apostle of Gaul.
Sacerdotes Dei, benedicite Dominum: sancti et humiles corde, laudate Deum. * Benedicite, omnia opera Domini, Domino: laudate et superexaltate eum in saecula.
O ye priests of the Lord, bless the Lord: O ye holy and humble of heart, praise God. * All ye works of the Lord, bless the Lord: praise and exalt Him above all for ever.
(Daniel 3:84,87,57 from the Introit of Mass)
O God, who givest us joy by the annual solemnity of blessed Martin, Thy martyr and bishop, mercifully grant that we may rejoice in his protection, whose birthday we celebrate.
From the Catholic encyclopaedia on Pope St Martin I: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09723c.htm
On the Monothelite heresy: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10502a.htm
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