St. Agatha, Virgin and Martyr
On several occasions the virginal veil which covered the tomb of St. Agatha held up the torrents of burning lava rushing down from Etna and threatening to ruin the town. God thus honoured the resistance that her very pure soul had shown to all the assaults of passion. Her name is mentioned in the Canon of the Mass (second list). Her feast was already celebrated at Rome in tbe sixth century. Tbe church of St. Agatha in Rome was made a Stational church by Pius XI in 1934 (Third Tuesday in Lent).
Let us invoke St. Agatha to preserve our homes from fire and to extinguish, through the spirit of penitence, the impure flames that consume our bodies and our souls.
Gaudeamus omnes in Domino, diem festum celebrantes sub honore beatae Agathae Virginis et Martyris: de cujus passione gaudent Angeli, et collaudant Filium Dei. * Eructavit cor meum verbum bonum: dico ego opera mea Regi.
Let us all rejoice in the Lord, celebrating a festival in honour of blessed Agatha, virgin and martyr; at whose passion the Angels rejoice, and give praise to the Son of God. * My heart hath uttered a good word: I speak my words to the King.
(Psalm 44:2 from the Introit of Mass)
Deus, qui inter cétera poténtiae tuae mirácula étiam in sexu frágili victóriam martýrii contulísti: concéde propítius; ut, qui beátae Agathae Vírginis et Mártyris tuae natalítia cólimus, per ejus ad te exémpla gradiámur.
O God, who among other miracles of Thy power, hast granted even to the weaker sex the victory of martyrdom, grant, we beseech Thee, that we who celebrate the festival of blessed Agatha, Thy virgin and martyr, may walk to Thee by her example.
From the Catholic Encyclopaedia: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01203c.htm